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Pushing artifacts with single files

Pushing single files involves referencing the unique artifact type and at least one file. Defining an Artifact uses the config.mediaType as the unique artifact type. If a config object is provided, the mediaType extension defines the config filetype. If a null config is passed, the config extension must be removed.

See: Defining a Unique Artifact Type

The following sample defines a new Artifact Type of Acme Rocket, using application/vnd.acme.rocket.config as the manifest.config.mediaType.

  • Create a sample file to push/pull as an artifact
echo "hello world" > artifact.txt
  • Push the sample file to the registry:
oras push localhost:5000/hello-artifact:v1 \
--artifact-type application/vnd.acme.rocket.config \
  • Pull the file from the registry:
rm -f artifact.txt # first delete the file
oras pull localhost:5000/hello-artifact:v1
cat artifact.txt  # should print "hello world"
  • Push the sample file, with a layer mediaType, using the format filename[:type]:
oras push localhost:5000/hello-artifact:v2 \
--artifact-type application/vnd.acme.rocket.config \

Pushing artifacts with config files

The [OCI distribution-spec][distribution-spec] provides for storing optional config objects. These can be used by the artifact to determine how or where to process and/or route the blobs. When providing a config object, the version and file type is required.

  • Create a config file
echo "{\"name\":\"foo\",\"value\":\"bar\"}" > config.json
  • Push an the artifact, with the config.json file
oras push localhost:5000/hello-artifact:v2 \
--config config.json:application/vnd.acme.rocket.config.v1+json \

Pushing artifacts with multiple files

Just as container images support multiple "layers" represented as blobs, ORAS supports pushing multiple layers. The layer type is up to the artifact author. You may push .tar representing a collection of files, individual files like .yaml, .txt or whatever your artifact should be represented as. Each layer type should have a mediaType representing the type of blob content. In this example, we'll push a collection of files.

  • A single file (artifact.txt) that represents overview content that might be displayed as a repository overview
  • A collection of files (docs/*) that represents detailed content. When specifying a directory, ORAS will automatically tar the contents.

See [OCI Artifacts][artifacts] for more details.

  • Create additional blobs
mkdir docs
echo "Docs on this artifact" > ./docs/
echo "More content for this artifact" > ./docs/
  • Create a config file, referencing the entry doc file
echo "{\"doc\":\"\"}" > config.json
  • Push multiple files with different mediaTypes:
oras push localhost:5000/hello-artifact:v2 \
  --config config.json:application/vnd.acme.rocket.config.v1+json \
  artifact.txt:text/plain \
  • The push would generate the following manifest:
  "schemaVersion": 2,
  "config": {
    "mediaType": "application/vnd.acme.rocket.config.v1+json",
    "digest": "sha256:7aa5d0dee9a3a73c81db4356cf7aa5666e175d96e68ee763eeb977bd7ba59ee5",
    "size": 20
  "layers": [
      "mediaType": "text/plain",
      "digest": "sha256:a948904f2f0f479b8f8197694b30184b0d2ed1c1cd2a1ec0fb85d299a192a447",
      "size": 12,
      "annotations": {
        "org.opencontainers.image.title": "artifact.txt"
      "mediaType": "application/",
      "digest": "sha256:20ae7d51e2365405e6942439140d897548e1d4610db60354aef8a5ce1f1699a7",
      "size": 196,
      "annotations": {
        "io.deis.oras.content.digest": "sha256:4329ea6c620ca4e9cedc5f5e8040432114cb5d64fc53107ea870db149e3d2b9e",
        "io.deis.oras.content.unpack": "true",
        "org.opencontainers.image.title": "docs"

Last update: October 20, 2022